Friday, March 11, 2011

Teleliving - A Predicted Transition to Intelligent PC Interfaces

William Halal, a professor Emeritus of Science, Technology & Innovation at George Washington University, co-founder of the Institute of Knowledge & Innovation, and president of TechCast LLC, published a prediction about the emergence of intelligent computer interfaces in American society between 2010 and 2015. The prediction was made by the TechCast think tank and can be found in William Halal's book, Technology's Promise.




Information about TechCast can be found here.

A prediction that I found to be of interest in Technology's Promise is the human-machine interface replacement of the personal computer with intelligent human-machine interfaces that utilize technologies such as speech recognition, artificial intelligence, and virtual environments.  We are currently in the prediction timeline of 2010 to 2015 and are realizing the prediction with the rise in the use of virtual environments such as Second Life and Teleplace.  The author of the prediction calls this shift in the way we use information technology, teleliving.  If the prediction continues to be realized, teleliving could have a large impact on our society and how we communicate via the internet.  Many social and financial transactions such as online purchases, online courses, medical consultations, and conversations with friends and family could be conducted utilizing life-size virtual agents projected on wall-sized monitors.  Artificial Intelligence applications such as intelligent agents and virtual tutors could see a substantial increase in development and usage.

Wednesday, March 2, 2011

An Analysis of New Angora

The article New Angora: New Geometry of Languaging And New Technology of Democracy: The Structure Design Dialogue Process defines the Structured Design Dialogue Process (SDDP) as a geometry of languaging that consists of an architecture containing 31 component constructs: 6 consensus methods, 7 language patterns, 3 application time phases, 3 key role responsibilities, 4 stages of interactive inquiry, collaborative software and facility, and 6 dialog laws.

 The following is an analysis of the 6 Dialogue Laws of the SDDP:


(1) Law of Requisite Variety – This law emphasizes the importance of capturing the different perspectives and opinions of observers in order to cover all facets of a complex problem

(2) Law of Parsimony – Dialogue among observers must be governed so that observers are not exposed to an overload of information

(3) Law of Saliency – The importance of an observer’s perspective and opinion(s) can only be evaluated for relative importance when they are compared to the perspective and opinion(s) of other observers with the same group

(4) Law of Meaning and Wisdom – An observer will only express wisdom in a dialogue about his/her ideas after he/she understands the value of other observer’s ideas

(5) Law of Authenticity and Autonomy – Individual observer ideas and perspectives must be preserved while addressing the problem to be solved

(6) Law of Evolutionary Learning – The learning of an observer evolves as he/she understands how his/her perspective and ideas relate to the perspective and ideas of other observers

Within the article, the author describes how the 6 Dialogue Laws of the SDDP can be used in a in a 2 phase methodology to generate dialogue about a complex problem between observers, compose a list of agreed upon ideas, and create a final group structure.

Tuesday, March 1, 2011

Creately - A Cool Web 2.0 Tool for Design Collaboration

The cool web 2.0 tool that I’ve chosen to support Socio-Technical Innovation is a tool called creately.  A link to the tool can be found hereCreately is a collaboration tool that allows teams to create items such as online diagrams, design mock ups, and system interfaces.  This allows ideas to be exposed early in the design phase before a resulting prototype design is finalized.  Additionally, created artifacts can be published quickly and made visible for team collaboration. 

An Interactive Television Revolution: A Potential part of America’s Future

John M. Stewart, a futurist as well as an associate professor and champion of the Master of Science in Emerging Technologies at the University of Advancing Technology in Tempe Arizona, predicts the social & financial influence of the adoption of interactive television in America.  His article Tomorrow’s Interactive television can be found here. 
Quality of choice, specialization, and personalization are attributes that are missing from American television.  Lack of social interaction with fellow citizens while watching television also limits television programming within American media.  The solution presented by John Stewart is an interactive television revolution that grants Fiber Optic based broadband internet access to all Americans without the high cost of such a service as it exists today.  As a result, a social television culture will emerge that allows people to collaborate on what to watch, control advertisements, and provide an internet television experience that is more entertaining, educational, and has more social interaction.  It was predicted that Web 3.0 would be the next step toward the progression of the adoption of interactive television.  The interactive television of this adopted future would need to have features such as voice command, voice search, collaborative filtering, real-time chat, social networking, and an open-video markup language to name a few.  In the adopted interactive television future, it was also predicted that tens of millions of tablets such as the iPad would be sold annually to support interactive TV.  Financially, Americans would pay less to internet providers for service and pay a nominal fee for items such as personalized commercials and the making of Wikipedia public films.  The article suggests that it is in America’s best interest to fix the countries existing gap in internet connectivity and make controlled, collaborative access to the media universe a public right.  Countries such as Hong Kong and South Korea have passed the United States in digital-infrastructure development and as a result have developed profitable new businesses and exports.

Thursday, February 10, 2011

The Use of Microscopic Embedded Organ Sensors

The innovation that I have chosen to discuss is microscopic embedded organ sensors.  This technology innovation facilitates the earliest detection of cancer and disease cells.  In many cases, diseases will be detected during the formation of a single cell.  This early detection will allow physicians to rid the human body of mutant cells in the earliest stage of a disease and potentially save many lives as well as reduce the amount and duration of disease treatment.  The placement of the sensors will be intravenous.  The sensors will send and receive input from a monitoring/guidance system.  Upon entering the bloodstream, each sensor is guided to a unique organ.  Once a sensor has reached its destination, it will scan and monitor its assigned organ for abnormalities and mutant cells.  Data from the sensors is available to the monitoring system at all times.  Upon the detection of a disease cell, the detecting sensor will transmit an alert signal to the monitoring system.  Data about the mutant cell(s) is then transmitted to the system by the sensor.   The associated medical staff will then be notified by the system.  The medical team would then analyze the data and if evidence of disease is verified, the team would then notify the host of the reporting sensor. 

The method I’ve chosen to explore the alternatives for this innovation is the Delphi method.  The anonymous input from experts in the various fields involved is required in order to understand all factosr involved and to drive the focus of the research required as well as the design, testing, and implementation of the sensors and the system they communicate with.

Two forces that support this innovation are medical and technical advancement.  This innovation would advance medical technology and increase the quality of life of many involved by reducing disease treatment time and providing a new defense against the severity of many illnesses.  Two forces that may impede the success of this innovation are financial obligation and temporal behavior of the sensors and system.  This innovation could potentially be cost prohibitive to many interested persons and the lack of performance data on this innovation could impede its adoption.

Reference
Wild, C., Torgersen, H. (2000). Foresight in Medicine: Lessons from three European Delphi Studies.  European Journal of Public Health, (2000) 10(2): 114-119.  This journal article can be found here.